High blood pressure treatments
High blood pressure treatments consist of the combination of medications and lifestyle changes, this will assist in managing high blood pressure and prevents any related health problems.
The aims are to bring the high blood pressure below the high range.
High blood pressure happened when the systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 129, and the diastolic blood pressure is not up to 80.
This is called increased(elevated) blood pressure.
Elevated blood pressure does not really increase the risk of heart failure or stroke.
But if left without treatment it will surely move to high blood pressure.
Once the top number(systolic) is 130 or higher and the bottom number(diastolic) is 80 or higher then aware that high blood pressure is present.
However, if this happened there is need to go for high blood pressure treatments immediately.
Choosing a healthy lifestyle is the number one protection against high blood pressure.
There are lots of habits which can assist in putting high blood pressure in control.
These include the following:
1. Do away with excessive alcohol drinking.
2. Involve in physical exercise.
3. Eating a very good diet.
4. Reduce sodium intake.
5. Ensure to have a healthy weight.
6. Manage your stress.
7. Ensure to monitor your blood pressure at home.
8. Limit caffeine.
9. And lots more
Another method of high blood pressure treatments (MEDICATIONS)
Majority of people believe that lifestyle changes alone will be enough for high blood pressure treatments.
But some also use medications in treating their high blood pressure.
There are different types of high blood pressure medications with a different mode of actions.
If one type of the medication is not working enough another type will surely do.
Due to individual body situations, there may be the need to combining two or more drugs to put their blood pressure under control.
High blood pressure treatments (medications) can be divided into different categories.
And this is based on which work they do.
This is usually called water pill because it assists the kidney in removing the excess water and sodium.
This lower the number of blood that flows through the blood vessels and because of that, blood pressure goes down.
We have 4 types of diuretics which classification based on how they work :
• Potassium-sparing diuretic(amiloride, Aldactone, Dyrenium)
• Thiazide diuretic ( chlorthalidone, Microzide, diurill).
Diuretic in Thiazide category usually has little side effects than others.
Most especially if taken with low dose and it is generally used for early high blood pressure treatment.
• Loop diuretic ( bumetanide, furosemide)
• Combination diuretics which consist more than the type of diuretics using together.
BETA – BLOCKERS
Beta-blockers assist heartbeat with the lower speed and force.
The blood pressure reduces because the heart pumps less blood through blood vessels with each beat.
Here are the Drugs within this category:
• Atenolol (Tenormin)
• Propranolol (Inderal)
• Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
• Metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL)
• Penbutolol sulfate ( Levatol)
This allows the body in producing less of a particular hormone called angiotensin ii which cause narrowing of blood vessels.
This drug reduces blood pressure by assisting blood vessels to have more space and let enough blood through.
Popular ACE inhibitors are the following:
• Lisinopril (prinivil, zestril)
• Fisinopril sodium (monopril)
• Benazepril hydrochloride ( lotensin)
• Captopil (capoten)
• Enalapril maleate ( vasotec)
ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR BLOCKERS
This type of drugs inhibits the action of angiotensin II directly on blood vessels.
It joins at the receptor site on the blood vessels and prevents them from shrunken.
Thereby, reducing blood pressure.
• eprosartan mesylate(Teveten)
• irbesartan (Avapro)
• valsartan ( Diovan)
• Losartan potassium (Cozaar)
• Telmisartan ( Micardis)
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
Physical motion of calcium in and out of muscle cells is important for all muscles reversible reduction.
CCB restrict Calcium from entering the even muscle cell of heart and blood vessels.
This makes the heart beat low vigorously with each beat and allow blood pressure relieve.
Because of this blood pressure reduces.
The following are parts of CCB
• Verapamil hydrochloride (Calan SR, cover-HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan).
• Amlodipine besylate( Norvasc, Lotrel).
• Isradipine (Dynacirc, Dynacirc CR)
• Felodipine ( Plendil)
The individual body generates a kind of hormone called catecholamines when under pressure, or acutely in some disease states.
Catecholamines such as epinephrine and norepinephrine cause heart to beat rapidly and with full force.
And they narrow blood vessels.
These results increase the blood pressure when the hormones connect to a receptor.
The muscles that surround most the blood vessels have what is called alpha-1 or alpha adrenergic receptors.
When a catecholamine fastens to an alpha -1 receptors, the muscle reduced.
The blood vessels flexible or slim and the blood pressure increases.
Alpha -1 blockers tie with alpha-1 receptors obstructing catecholamine from connecting.
This keeps them from constricting blood vessels and thereby, the blood is able to move more freely through the blood vessels.
And by this blood pressure reduces.
Alpha-1 blockers drugs include:-
• Terazosin hydrochloride (Hytrin)
• Doxazosin modulate ( caesura)
• Potassium hydrochloride (Minipress).
Alpha-beta-blockers have combined results.
They are set of properties of Beta-blockers and prevent the binding of catecholamines hormones to both alpha and beta RECEPTOR.
They can reduce the narrowing of blood vessels like alpha-1 blockers and cut-down the speed and force of the heartbeat just like Beta-blockers.
The following are the alpha -beta-blockers that we have:-
• Labetalol hydrochloride (Normodyne).
Some High blood pressure treatments or medications work in a cereal nervous system rather than directly in the cardiovascular system.
Although central agonists drugs do have side effects which may be drowsiness.
Medications in this category include:
• Clonidine hydrochloride (Catapres)
• Guanfacine hydrochloride (Tenex).
High blood pressure treatments (Checkup)
Ensure you see your doctor at least once a month after starting high blood pressure treatments(drugs) until you have achieved your aim on high blood pressure treatments.
And also after your blood aim has been achieved, you should not stop seeing your doctor every 3-6 months.
But this depends on whether you have other ailments like heart failure that you dealing with.