10 Best high blood pressure machines you must know

       blood pressure machines

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE MACHINES

 

Blood Pressure abnormality is a cardiovascular risk factor, as such, it’s treatment is very important and this brings the needs for blood pressure machines. As a result, Blood pressure measurement is one of the Vital signs used by medical practitioners as indicators of health.

This, without a doubt, has increased the manufacture of “BLOOD PRESSURE MACHINES”. These machines are designed to help clinicians monitor patients’ blood volume, the pumping efficiency of the heart, and the resistance of the peripheral vasculature.

Depending on how they are configured, Blood Pressure machines vary in their technique.

In the past, Blood Pressure was measured Non-Invasive, using Auscultatory Technique, (korotkoff sounds), with the pressure in the cuff measured using a mercury Sphygmomanometer.

This consequently became, and is still the “Gold Standard”. However, environmental concerns regarding mercury meant that there was no long-term future for these machines.

These concerns have led to the impositions of bans in some European countries and supply in the UK is now restricted to health care use.

Meanwhile, Automated Blood Pressure Measuring Machines, many of which use Oscillometric measuring technique has become increasingly popular, because of their ease of use.

It is therefore advised that consideration is given to the selection of mercury-free products when the opportunity arises. But then again, “Automated Blood Pressure Machines” also have limitations users need to be aware of.

As stated earlier, Blood pressure Machines vary in the type of technique, traditionally, the commonest Blood Pressure Machines were configured to perform, Manually, using the “Auscultatory Technique”.

The majority of this technique depends on inflating an upper arm cuff to the brachial artery and then listening to the korotkoff sounds through a stethoscope with the cuff slowly deflated.

The patient’s systolic and diastolic blood pressure record is taken from the sphygmomanometer.

 

Machine for use with the manual auscultatory technique are:

-Mercury Sphygmomanometer; This includes a mercury pressure gauge, an upper arm cuff and a hand inflation bulb with a pressure control valve, requires the use of a stethoscope to listen to korotkoff resonate.

-Aneroid Sphygmomanometer; This is, just like the mercury sphygmomanometer, with an aneroid gauge replacing the mercury manometer.  Aneroid may be wall or desk mounted or attached to the hand bulb.

-Electronic Sphygmomanometer; As mentioned above, with a pressure sensor and electronic display replacing the mercury manometer. The display could also be a numerical display or a circular or linear bar chart.

Nowadays, the majority of the Blood Pressure Machines available are automated, and they use the oscillometric technique.

This technique relies on the detection of variations in pressure oscillations due to arterial wall movement beneath an occluding cuff.

Empirically derived algorithms are used and its calculate systolic mean arterial and diastolic blood pressure.

 

Machines using the oscillometric technique are;

-Automated (stop-check) machines:- This comes with an electronic monitor with a pressure sensor, a digital display, and an upper arm cuff. An electronically driven pump raises the pressure in the cuff.

These machines, sometimes, have a user adjustable set inflation pressure, and they may automatically inflate to the appropriate level, usually about 30mmhg above an estimated systolic reading when started the machines automatically inflates then deflates the cuff and displays the majority calculates these values during the deflation cycle, but there are some that use data from the inflation cycle.

The pulse rate may also be displayed these machines may also have a “memory” facility which stores measurement and previous readings.

-Wrist machines:- this includes an electronic monitor with a pressure sensor, an electronically driven pump attached to a wrist cuff. Its function is similar to the automated stop check machine above.

-Finger machines:- this is a battery powered machine and uses oscillometric pulse wave or plethysmographic method for measurement.

-Stop-check non-invasive blood pressure machines:- this is designed for routine clinical assessment.

-Automated cycling non –invasive blood pressure machine:- designed for bed-side monitoring in a clinical environment where repetitive monitoring of patients and alarm function is required.

-Multi-parameter monitors:- these redesigned for use in critical care wards and operating theaters and monitors a range of vital signs including blood pressure.

-Ambulatory blood pressure machine:- this is a programmed machine, designed to take a record of the patient’s blood pressure at a pre-defined interval over a 24- hour period during normal activities and store data gotten for future analysis.

 

     Conclusion on high blood pressure machines

In summary, apparently, technological advancement has led to the development of new and better methods.

Also the falling cost of these newly introduced machines together with the improved reliability of aneroid machines and the introduction of the manual electronic sphygmomanometer, there has been a reduction in the use of mercury sphygmomanometer.

However, mercury sphygmomanometers are still been used in some undeveloped countries, therefore, appropriate health and safety procedures should be maintained with the availability of mercury spillage kits.

High blood pressure treatments

High Blood Pressure Treatments

   High blood pressure       treatments

 

high blood pressure treatments

High blood pressure treatments consist of the combination of medications and lifestyle changes, this will assist in managing high blood pressure and prevents any related health problems.

The aims are to bring the high blood pressure below the high range.

High blood pressure happened when the systolic blood pressure is between 120 and 129, and the diastolic blood pressure is not up to 80.

This is called increased(elevated) blood pressure.

Elevated blood pressure does not really increase the risk of heart failure or stroke.

But if left without treatment it will surely move to high blood pressure.

Once the top number(systolic) is 130 or higher and the bottom number(diastolic) is 80 or higher then aware that high blood pressure is present.

However, if this happened there is need to go for high blood pressure treatments immediately.

 

       HEALTHY LIFESTYLES 

 

High blood pressure treatments

Choosing a healthy lifestyle is the number one protection against high blood pressure.

There are lots of habits which can assist in putting high blood pressure in control.

These include the following:

1. Do away with excessive alcohol drinking.
2. Involve in physical exercise.
3. Eating a very good diet.
4. Reduce sodium intake.
5. Ensure to have a healthy weight.
6. Manage your stress.
7. Ensure to monitor your blood pressure at home.
8. Limit caffeine.
9. And lots more

Another method of high blood  pressure treatments          (MEDICATIONS)

High blood pressure treatments

Majority of people believe that lifestyle changes alone will be enough for high blood pressure treatments.

But some also use medications in treating their high blood pressure.

There are different types of high blood pressure medications with a different mode of actions.

If one type of the medication is not working enough another type will surely do.

Due to individual body situations, there may be the need to combining two or more drugs to put their blood pressure under control.

High blood pressure treatments (medications) can be divided into different categories.

And this is based on which work they do.

 

             DIURETICS

This is usually called water pill because it assists the kidney in removing the excess water and sodium.

This lower the number of blood that flows through the blood vessels and because of that, blood pressure goes down.

We have 4 types of diuretics which classification based on how they work :

• Potassium-sparing diuretic(amiloride, Aldactone, Dyrenium)

• Thiazide diuretic ( chlorthalidone, Microzide, diurill).

Diuretic in Thiazide category usually has little side effects than others.

Most especially if taken with low dose and it is generally used for early high blood pressure treatment.

• Loop diuretic ( bumetanide, furosemide)

• Combination diuretics which consist more than the type of diuretics using together.

 

      BETA – BLOCKERS

Beta-blockers assist heartbeat with the lower speed and force.

The blood pressure reduces because the heart pumps less blood through blood vessels with each beat.

Here are the Drugs within this category:
• Atenolol (Tenormin)
• Propranolol (Inderal)
• Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
• Metoprolol succinate (Toprol-XL)
• Penbutolol sulfate ( Levatol)

 

           ACE INHIBITORS

This allows the body in producing less of a particular hormone called angiotensin ii which cause narrowing of blood vessels.

This drug reduces blood pressure by assisting blood vessels to have more space and let enough blood through.

Popular ACE inhibitors are the following:
• Lisinopril (prinivil, zestril)
• Fisinopril sodium (monopril)
• Benazepril hydrochloride ( lotensin)
• Captopil (capoten)
• Enalapril maleate ( vasotec)

 

       ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR BLOCKERS

This type of drugs inhibits the action of angiotensin II directly on blood vessels.

It joins at the receptor site on the blood vessels and prevents them from shrunken.
Thereby, reducing blood pressure.

ARB include
• candesartan(Atacand)
• eprosartan mesylate(Teveten)
• irbesartan (Avapro)
• valsartan ( Diovan)
• Losartan potassium (Cozaar)
• Telmisartan ( Micardis)

 

      CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS

Physical motion of calcium in and out of muscle cells is important for all muscles reversible reduction.

CCB restrict Calcium from entering the even muscle cell of heart and blood vessels.

This makes the heart beat low vigorously with each beat and allow blood pressure relieve.

Because of this blood pressure reduces.

The following are parts of CCB
• Verapamil hydrochloride (Calan SR, cover-HS, Isoptin SR, Verelan).
• Amlodipine besylate( Norvasc, Lotrel).
• Isradipine (Dynacirc, Dynacirc CR)
• Felodipine ( Plendil)

     ALPHA-1 BLOCKERS

The individual body generates a kind of hormone called catecholamines when under pressure, or acutely in some disease states.

Catecholamines such as epinephrine and norepinephrine cause heart to beat rapidly and with full force.

And they narrow blood vessels.

These results increase the blood pressure when the hormones connect to a receptor.

The muscles that surround most the blood vessels have what is called alpha-1 or alpha adrenergic receptors.

When a catecholamine fastens to an alpha -1 receptors, the muscle reduced.

The blood vessels flexible or slim and the blood pressure increases.

Alpha -1 blockers tie with alpha-1 receptors obstructing catecholamine from connecting.

This keeps them from constricting blood vessels and thereby, the blood is able to move more freely through the blood vessels.

And by this blood pressure reduces.

Alpha-1 blockers drugs include:-

• Terazosin hydrochloride (Hytrin)
• Doxazosin modulate ( caesura)
• Potassium hydrochloride (Minipress).

 

       ALPHA-BETA-BLOCKERS

Alpha-beta-blockers have combined results.

They are set of properties of Beta-blockers and prevent the binding of catecholamines hormones to both alpha and beta RECEPTOR.

They can reduce the narrowing of blood vessels like alpha-1 blockers and cut-down the speed and force of the heartbeat just like Beta-blockers.

The following are the alpha -beta-blockers that we have:-

• Carvedilol(Coreg)
• Labetalol hydrochloride (Normodyne).

    CENTRAL AGONISTS

Some High blood pressure treatments or medications work in a cereal nervous system rather than directly in the cardiovascular system.

Although central agonists drugs do have side effects which may be drowsiness.

Medications in this category include:

• Clonidine hydrochloride (Catapres)
• Guanfacine hydrochloride (Tenex).

 

High blood pressure treatments (Checkup)

 

high blood pressure treatments

Ensure you see your doctor at least once a month after starting high blood pressure treatments(drugs) until you have achieved your aim on high blood pressure treatments.

And also after your blood aim has been achieved, you should not stop seeing your doctor every 3-6 months.

But this depends on whether you have other ailments like heart failure that you dealing with.