New blood pressure guidelines, Tips you need to know

New Blood Pressure Guidelines

The definition of what is known as high blood pressure has been narrowed. This is what you have to know.

New high blood pressure guideline

In case, you didn’t have high blood pressure before, there’s a tendency you do now.

A year ago, new guidelines from the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology, and nine other health Associations reduced the numbers for the diagnosis of high blood pressure to 130/80 mm Hg and higher for adults.

The past guidelines set the limit at 140/90 mm Hg for individuals under age 65 and 150/80 mm Hg for those ages 65 and more.

This implies 70% to 79% of men ages 55 and above are categorized as having hypertension.

That includes the majority of men whose blood pressure had been considered healthy before. Why the change?

 

         Reason for the numbers

Blood pressure guidelines are not updated from time to time.

Rather, they are changed when there is sufficient new evidence that suggests the old ones were not accurate or relevant anymore.

The aim now with the new blood pressure guidelines is to assist people in addressing high blood pressure and the difficulties that may accompany it, such as heart attack and stroke as earlier as possible.

The new blood pressure guidelines emanate from the 2017 results of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT).

Which studied more than 9,000 adults ages 50 and older who had a systolic blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or more and at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

The research’s goal was to find out whether treating blood pressure to lower the systolic number to 120 mm Hg or less was in high rank to the standard target of 140 mm Hg or less.

The outcome was that targeting a systolic pressure of not more than 120 mm Hg minimize the chance of heart attacks, heart failure, or stroke over a 3 years period.

 

It exceeds the blood pressure issue

The new guidelines also have additional changes. One, they don’t provide different suggestions to people, be it younger or older than age 65.

According to Dr. Conlin, “The SPRINT study looked at all patients irrespective of age, and didn’t break down groups above or below a certain age”.

The guidelines also modified the different categories of hypertension.

It excludes the category of prehypertension, which had been said to be a systolic blood pressure of 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure of 80 to 89 mm Hg.

Alternatively, people with those readings are now considered as having either elevated pressure of 120 to 129 systolic and less than 80 diastolic or Stage 1 hypertension of 130 to 139 systolic or 80 to 89 diastolic.

A reading of 140/90 mm Hg or more is categorized to be Stage 2 hypertension, and any reading higher than 180/120 mm Hg as a hypertensive crisis.

 

    What necessary to do

In case you had previously been diagnosed with high blood pressure, the new blood pressure guidelines don’t really affect you like that.

because you still need to move on with your efforts to lower it using medication, diet, exercise, and weight loss.

Although, based on new information in the guidelines, your doctor may suggest treating your blood pressure to a minimal level.

The biggest issue is that most men ages 65 and older all of a sudden find themselves diagnosed with elevated or high blood pressure because the new normal is an exceptional 20 points lower than before.

Does this mean that immediate prescription for blood pressure drugs is not necessary?.

Before anything, you should talk to their doctor first, and then adjust lifestyle habits, like getting more exercise, losing weight, and following a heart-healthy diet like the DASH or Mediterranean diet.

Medications are suggested to reduced blood pressure in Stage 1 hypertension if you’ve already had a heart attack or stroke or if your 10-year risk of a heart attack is higher than 10%. (You can find your 10-year estimation here  www.cvriskcalculator.com

For people with Stage 1 hypertension, lifestyle changes are enough as the recommendation.

However, the new guidelines will enable people to get more engaged with monitoring their blood pressure, and this hopefully prevents problems from hypertension.

new blood pressure guideline

Diet and lifestyle changes are strong medicine. Even if your blood pressure is okay now, you can assist to prevent it from becoming elevated starting from today.

Eating more fruits, veggies, and whole grains, and reduce foods that have high sodium, unhealthy fats and also avoid junks food. Be physically active as much as possible, not anyone but for yourself.

 

 

The high blood pressure effets on your body

High blood pressure effects on your body

high blood pressure effects

The high blood pressure effects is a severe one to the system of the person that has it. This is so because it is adding stress to your heart and arteries. And most people may not feel any different.

And that additional stress can increase your chances of having a heart attack and stroke.

As time goes on, difficulties in your arteries could cut back on blood movement. since all the tissues and organs of the body require blood to perform perfectly, this means that organ like the brain, kidney, eyesight, and your sexual life can also be affected.

But if have healthy habits and taking your medication as prescribed to get your blood pressure down, you may seriously prevent long-term problems.

These are the problems that may arise as a result of high  blood pressure effects if not properly controlled:

         Destroy your arteries

Healthy arteries are not rigid but strong and elastic. Their inner lining is unbroken so that blood moves freely, in order to supply vital organ and tissues with necessary and oxygen required.

High blood pressure increases the pressure of blood flow through your arteries gradually.

And because of this, you may experience the following:

  • Narrowed and Damaged arteries: High blood pressure can destroy the cells of the inner lining of your arteries. When fats from your diet go into your bloodstream, this can damage your arteries.

As a result of this, your arteries walls become inelastic and limit blood flow through your body.

  • An aneurysm: 

high blood pressure effects

This is abnormal blood-filled swelling of an artery or vein, resulting from a localized weakness in the wall of the vessel.

The pressure of blood flowing through a weakened artery can cause a part of its wall to enlarge and form a     bulge. An aneurysm can strongly burst and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

An aneurysm can form in any artery throughout your body, but always common in your aorta.

 

             It Destroys your heart

Your heart is the engine room of your body because it pumps to your entire body.

The  high blood pressure effects are critical if live without treatment it will damage your heart in the following ways:

    * Coronary artery disease: this disease affects the artery that gives blood to your heart muscle.

Narrowing of arteries which caused by coronary artery disease will not allow blood to move freely through your arteries.

And when this happened you will be experiencing chest pain, a heart attack, or irregular heart rhythms.

  * Heart failure: The force or struggle on your heart caused by high blood pressure effects can let your heart muscle weaken and work inefficiently.

Finally, your overpowered heart simply begins to wear to out and fail.

*Enlarged left heart: High blood pressure effects causes your heart to work severely than necessary so as to pump blood to other parts of your body.

This now makes the left ventricle to stocky or stiffen. And these changes restrict the ventricle’s capability to pump blood to your body.

This situation accelerates your risk of heart attack, heart failure, and quick or sudden cardiac death.

 

     It Damages your brain

high blood pressure effects

As your heart does, your brain also depends on nourishing blood supply to work perfectly and sound. But high blood pressure effects can limit this and cause several problems, which include:

* Stroke: This occurs as a result of the loss of brain function arising when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.

Untreated high blood pressure can lead to stroke by destroying and weakening your brain’s blood vessels, causing them to slim or narrow, burst or rupture or leak.

It may also be the reason for blood clots forming in the arteries leading to your brain, disrupting blood flow and eventually caused a stroke.

* (TIA) meaning – Transient ischemic attack: This mostly refers to a mini-stroke. It is a temporary or brief disruption of blood supply to the brain.

It is most time caused by atherosclerosis or blood clots and this two emanate due to high blood pressure effects.

Oftenly, the transient ischemic attack is a warning sign that int you that a full-blown stroke is on the way.

* Dementia: This is a progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the brain beyond what might be expected from normal aging.

Dementia is a brain disease that occurs as a result of problems with thinking, speaking, reasoning, memory, vision, and movement.

There are numerous causes of dementia. We have vascular dementia which happened as a result of narrowing and blockage of the arteries that supply blood the brain.

It can also lead to a stroke which caused by an interrupt of blood movement to the brain.

Whatever the case may be high blood pressure effects is the reason for it.

 

      It Destroys your kidney

 

The major function of the kidney is to sort or filter excess fluid and waste from the blood. And this process requires healthy blood vessels.

High blood pressure can affect both blood vessels and kidney which may eventually caused several types of kidney diseases.

However, having diabetes with high blood pressure can worsen the damage.

The major damages that high blood pressure effects may cause to the kidney are:-

  • Kidney failure
  • Kidney scaring
  • A kidney aneurysm

 

         Damages to your eyes

 

high blood pressure effects

The high blood pressure effects can cause damages to the tiny and delicate blood vessels that supply blood to your eyes.

    * Retinopathy:- This is damage of the blood vessel. The effects of high blood pressure are greater which can destroy the vessels supplying blood to your retina, which cause retinopathy.

This situation can result in bleeding in the eye, blurred vision and/or complete loss of vision.

* choroidopathy:- This simply means fluid build up under the retina. And its occur as a result of leaky blood vessels in a layer of blood situated under the retina. choroidopathy can lead to distorted vision.

* Optic neuropathy: This is also called nerve damage. This is the condition that arises as a result of blocked blood flow which leads to damages of the optic nerve. It can deactivate nerve cells in your eyes, and this may cause bleeding within your eyes or loss of vision.

           Sexual disorder

Erectile dysfunction becomes increasingly common in men when they reach age 50, and this may likely happen as a result of high blood effects.

However, high blood pressure destroys the lining of your blood vessels and cause atherosclerosis thereby limiting blood flow.

This reduces the amount of blood that flows to your penis. For most men, the small amount of the blood flow makes it difficult for men to achieve and maintain erections.

This is the high blood pressure effects which commonly happen among men who live high blood pressure untreated.

Women do also have sexual dysfunction been a side effect of high blood pressure. This is so because of improper flow of blood to their virginal as well.

For most women, this may result in a decrease in sexual desire, virginal dryness, or unable to achieve orgasm.

Just like men, women can also experience anxiety and relationship problems due to sexual dysfunction.

         Other possible high blood pressure effect

High blood pressure can as well affects other parts of the body which may cause problems such as:

  • Bone loss(osteoporosis)
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Memory loss
  • Severe damage to your body’s main artery
  • Pulmonary edema
  • complications in pregnant women.

10 Best high blood pressure machines you must know

       blood pressure machines

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE MACHINES

 

Blood Pressure abnormality is a cardiovascular risk factor, as such, it’s treatment is very important and this brings the needs for blood pressure machines. As a result, Blood pressure measurement is one of the Vital signs used by medical practitioners as indicators of health.

This, without a doubt, has increased the manufacture of “BLOOD PRESSURE MACHINES”. These machines are designed to help clinicians monitor patients’ blood volume, the pumping efficiency of the heart, and the resistance of the peripheral vasculature.

Depending on how they are configured, Blood Pressure machines vary in their technique.

In the past, Blood Pressure was measured Non-Invasive, using Auscultatory Technique, (korotkoff sounds), with the pressure in the cuff measured using a mercury Sphygmomanometer.

This consequently became, and is still the “Gold Standard”. However, environmental concerns regarding mercury meant that there was no long-term future for these machines.

These concerns have led to the impositions of bans in some European countries and supply in the UK is now restricted to health care use.

Meanwhile, Automated Blood Pressure Measuring Machines, many of which use Oscillometric measuring technique has become increasingly popular, because of their ease of use.

It is therefore advised that consideration is given to the selection of mercury-free products when the opportunity arises. But then again, “Automated Blood Pressure Machines” also have limitations users need to be aware of.

As stated earlier, Blood pressure Machines vary in the type of technique, traditionally, the commonest Blood Pressure Machines were configured to perform, Manually, using the “Auscultatory Technique”.

The majority of this technique depends on inflating an upper arm cuff to the brachial artery and then listening to the korotkoff sounds through a stethoscope with the cuff slowly deflated.

The patient’s systolic and diastolic blood pressure record is taken from the sphygmomanometer.

 

Machine for use with the manual auscultatory technique are:

-Mercury Sphygmomanometer; This includes a mercury pressure gauge, an upper arm cuff and a hand inflation bulb with a pressure control valve, requires the use of a stethoscope to listen to korotkoff resonate.

-Aneroid Sphygmomanometer; This is, just like the mercury sphygmomanometer, with an aneroid gauge replacing the mercury manometer.  Aneroid may be wall or desk mounted or attached to the hand bulb.

-Electronic Sphygmomanometer; As mentioned above, with a pressure sensor and electronic display replacing the mercury manometer. The display could also be a numerical display or a circular or linear bar chart.

Nowadays, the majority of the Blood Pressure Machines available are automated, and they use the oscillometric technique.

This technique relies on the detection of variations in pressure oscillations due to arterial wall movement beneath an occluding cuff.

Empirically derived algorithms are used and its calculate systolic mean arterial and diastolic blood pressure.

 

Machines using the oscillometric technique are;

-Automated (stop-check) machines:- This comes with an electronic monitor with a pressure sensor, a digital display, and an upper arm cuff. An electronically driven pump raises the pressure in the cuff.

These machines, sometimes, have a user adjustable set inflation pressure, and they may automatically inflate to the appropriate level, usually about 30mmhg above an estimated systolic reading when started the machines automatically inflates then deflates the cuff and displays the majority calculates these values during the deflation cycle, but there are some that use data from the inflation cycle.

The pulse rate may also be displayed these machines may also have a “memory” facility which stores measurement and previous readings.

-Wrist machines:- this includes an electronic monitor with a pressure sensor, an electronically driven pump attached to a wrist cuff. Its function is similar to the automated stop check machine above.

-Finger machines:- this is a battery powered machine and uses oscillometric pulse wave or plethysmographic method for measurement.

-Stop-check non-invasive blood pressure machines:- this is designed for routine clinical assessment.

-Automated cycling non –invasive blood pressure machine:- designed for bed-side monitoring in a clinical environment where repetitive monitoring of patients and alarm function is required.

-Multi-parameter monitors:- these redesigned for use in critical care wards and operating theaters and monitors a range of vital signs including blood pressure.

-Ambulatory blood pressure machine:- this is a programmed machine, designed to take a record of the patient’s blood pressure at a pre-defined interval over a 24- hour period during normal activities and store data gotten for future analysis.

 

     Conclusion on high blood pressure machines

In summary, apparently, technological advancement has led to the development of new and better methods.

Also the falling cost of these newly introduced machines together with the improved reliability of aneroid machines and the introduction of the manual electronic sphygmomanometer, there has been a reduction in the use of mercury sphygmomanometer.

However, mercury sphygmomanometers are still been used in some undeveloped countries, therefore, appropriate health and safety procedures should be maintained with the availability of mercury spillage kits.