What Is High Blood Pressure

When the force of blood pressure against the walls of blood vessels is consistently too high, it is called High Blood Pressure.

When the heart beats, it produces pressure that pushes blood through a network of tube-shaped blood vessels, which include arteries, vein, and capillaries. This pressure -BP-is the result of two forces.

The 1st force(systolic pressure) happens because the blood pumps out of the heart and into the arteries that are part of the circulatory system.

The 2nd force (diastolic pressure) is created as the heart rest between  the heart beats.

The best way to treat high blood pressure is to understand your number and monitor it always.


There could also be no single cause for most people. We don’t know exactly what causes HBP, all we know is that lifestyle can affect the risk of developing it.

Your risk of having high blood pressure is high if you are:

  • Eating too much salt
  • Not Eating enough fruits and vegetables
  • Not active enough
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Overweight.

Also, there are uncontrollable factors that can cause high blood pressure which are:

  • Age
  • Ethnic Group
  • Family History
  • Pregnancy.



High blood pressure is a silent killer and because of this most people with HBP may not feel any sign. However, once the blood pressure reaches over 160/110 mmHg, it is known as a hypertensive crisis which needed emergency medical attention.

The symptoms include:

  • Nausea
  • A headache
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Nosebleeding
  • Breathlessness
  • The forceful beating of the heart.

Note: Whoever experiencing these symptoms should see the doctor immediately.



High blood pressure is a silent killer that quietly damage blood vessels and leads to serious health problems.

By understanding this, using medication as prescribed and making lifestyle changes can enhance your quality of life and reduces your risk of heart diseases, stroke, kidney diseases, and any other related sickness.

How to make lifestyle changes 

  1. Eat a well-balanced diet that is low in salt
  2. Enjoy regular physical exercise
  3. Take your medication regularly
  4. Maintain a healthy weight
  5. Limit alcohol
  6. Quit smoking
  7. Manage stress and
  8. Corporate with your doctor.


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